What Is Breakout And Reversal Trading?

What Is Breakout And Reversal Trading?

By Yash

The breakout strategy searches for marks or levels that the price of an asset has not been able to breach. It then waits to move beyond these set levels if it continues to move in that direction. When the asset price moves beyond the set levels, it is known as a breakout. Most traders who use this strategy utilize technical analysis to determine these areas using price patterns or trendlines. The trader seeks patterns. These are places where the asset's price has been resistant to moving below or above a certain price area or level. Following that, the trader tries to gain something by entering a trade in the direction of the breakout. They assume that the asset price will continue to move in that particular direction indicated by the strategy.


A reversal is a change in the direction of the price of an asset. A reversal can happen on the downside or the upside. After an uptrend, a reversal would happen on the downside. After a downtrend, a reversal would go to the upside. The reversals are based on the price direction that is present overall. They are usually not based on a few periods on the chart. There are some indicators, such as channel, oscillator, or moving average, that may assist in isolating the trends as well as spotting any set reversals. These reversals may also be compared with the breakouts.


What Do the Breakout and Reversal Trading Indicate?


A trader relying on the strategy of the breakout will usually enter any trade when the price goes beyond the resistance or support levels that they have identified. They purchase the asset above the resistance and sell it below the support. Managing the risk properly on every trade that utilizes the breakout strategy is vital. This is because every breakout does not succeed. Many of the trades based on this strategy fail. The price may move a little above the breakout level and then move back in again. It may also break out for some time and then move back at a later date. These are known as failed breakouts. Before going into any trade based on a certain breakout, find out how long one wishes to be in the trade. If the breakout does not succeed, the trader should try to exit the position as the conditions for the trade are not there anymore.

The reversals usually happen in daily trading, and they take place quite rapidly. But they can also happen over longer time frames. The reversals usually happen in varying time frames, useful for different traders. A reversal that is useful for intraday trading is not so important for any long-term trader looking at reversals on the weekly or daily charts. But the reversal of the shorter time frames is vital for any day trader. An uptrend is a series of higher lows and higher swing highs. It reverses into a downtrend by modifying to a series of lower lows and lower highs. A downtrend is a series of lower lows and lower highs. It reverses into an uptrend by modifying to a series of higher lows and higher highs. The reversals and trends can be found based on the price action. There are several traders in the financial markets that prefer the usage of indicators. Moving averages help in spotting both the reversals and the trends.

If the price of an asset goes above the moving average, the trend increases. But when the asset price goes below, then the moving averages show that it could be a probable reversal of prices. There are trendlines that are also utilized to spot such reversals. This is because an uptrend marks higher lows. So, a trendline can be drawn along the higher lows. When the price of the asset goes below the trendline, this could show that there is a reversal of the trend. Trading would become very easy if reversals were easy to find out and to separate from brief pullbacks or noise. But that is not the case. When utilizing indicator or price actions, there are many false signals that happen. There are times when the reversal happens so fast that the traders are not able to act fast enough to prevent a big loss.


Breakout and Reversal Trading Functioning


The breakout strategy looks for financial assets such as stock restricted to trading below a certain level or above a certain level. This is despite many attempts to break through. To the usual breakout trader, this restriction of the price is acting as a spring. If the price of the asset breaks out of the restricted area, it may operate in that direction and give a chance to gain from the trade. The same concept can be seen in a technical indicator. Suppose any technical indicator is restricted and cannot go through a specific area. In that case, it may give a chance to enter a breakout trader when it does. The breakout signals give the trader a chance to sell or purchase the asset. This hinges on whether the breakout is bearish or bullish.

For a reversal trade to happen, a few conditions must be fulfilled. The asset's price chart must represent an uptrend moving with a channel. The asset price breaks out of the channel and below the trendline. This shows that there could be a possible change in the trend. The price then also attempts to make a lower low. It goes below the prior low within that channel. It confirms that there is going to be a reversal on the downside. The price then continues to go even lower. It makes lower highs and lower lows. Any reversal to the upside does not happen until the price of the asset makes a higher low and a higher high. Any move above the descending trendline could show an early warning signal of a reversal. The example also shows the subjectivity of reversals and trend analysis when we talk about the rising channel. There are many times within the channel that the price of the asset develops a lower low relative to the swing that has happened before. But the overall trajectory has stayed on the upside.


Breakout and Reversal Trading Limitations


To make steady gains over time using a breakout strategy, every trader must be willing to have conviction in their trades and hold on to the winners. The breakout strategies function well and give big price movements more than compensate for all the losing trades that will eventually happen after the breakout fails. Focusing on the breakout strategy removes a broad choice of assets already trending in the financial markets. It gives chances to get gains based on those trends.

When there is any reversal, it is not clear whether it is a pullback or a reversal. Once it is clear that it is a reversal, the price of the asset may have already gone a big distance. This often results in a major erosion in the profits or a loss for the trader. For these reasons, the traders who rely on the trend often exit the trade while the price is moving in their direction. In this manner, they are not required to be worried about whether the move against the trend is a reversal or a pullback. There are also many fake signals that are provided when using a reversal strategy. A reversal may happen using the price action or an indicator. But the price of the asset instantly starts to move in the trending direction that was present before again.



Breakout trading needs a lot of discipline to act quickly when the breakout happens and to exit the positions at the right time when the breakout fails. This will happen a lot of times for every trader. Reversals are omnipresent in the financial markets. The prices of every asset always reverse at some point or the other and will have many downside and upside reversals over a period. Ignoring such reversals may result in the trader taking in a lot more risk than they must have predicted. So, by keeping a close watch on the reversals, the trader could have locked in their gains or kept themselves out of a losing position.