What is a Call Option in Stocks?

What is a Call Option in Stocks?

By Yash

Options are an excellent way to manage a big piece of share without calling up the capital required to own shares of more significant stocks. Buying a Call option is preferred by numerous investors as it helps to hedge your stock financial investments. This post will tell you all the details about Call options. An option is a contract representing underlying securities like stocks, currencies, bonds, products, indexes, and futures. These contracts represent 100 shares of the underlying security. A Call option provides the holder the right to offer or sell short a specified quantity of the underlying security at a pre-determined strike price. It is purchased at a premium. The holder is not obligated to sell the underlying security. They are generally utilized for hedging or speculation on upside price action. Options have a particular amount of time, after which they expire.


The worth of an option usually decreases as it reaches its expiry. Time decay is the major downside for any options buyer. The risk in option buying is limited to its premium, while the profit potential is unlimited.


What is a Call Option in Stock: Determining the Cost


Time value, or extrinsic value, is shown in the option's premium. Suppose the Call option's strike price is $8, and the stock is presently trading at $10. In that case, there is $2 of intrinsic value in the option. The Call option might trade for $2.50. The additional $0.50 is the time value, considering that the underlying security's price might change before the choice expires. The Money (ITM) options have intrinsic value. The buyer can then sell the option for a profit, which numerous Call buyers do, or exercise the option to sell the shares). Out of the money (OTM) and at the money (ATM Call options have no intrinsic value since there would be no advantage of exercising the option. Suppose the stock is trading at $20 on the stock market. In that case, it is not beneficial for the Call option buyer to exercise their option to sell the security at $21. This is since they can sell it for a higher price on the market.


Understanding Call Options


The asset present may be a stock. The call options give the investor the right to get one hundred shares of an organization at a certain cost. This cost is called the strike price. The call option is held until a specified time frame called the expiration date. For instance, a usual call option contract may provide the investor the right to acquire one hundred shares of a company's stock at ten dollars until the expiration date a few months later. There are several strike prices and expiration dates that investors can choose from. As the value of the company's stock goes up, the cost of the option contract also increases, and vice versa. The buyer of the call option may hold the contract until the expiration date. At that point, the investors can sell the options contract whenever they want before the date of the expiration at the market cost of the contract at that time. They can also opt to take the delivery of the shares of the stock. The investor has to pay a fee to buy the call option. This is known as a premium. It is the cost paid for the rights acquired by the investor through the call option. Suppose the asset is below the strike price during the time of expiry.


In that case, the call option buyer does not get the premium paid. This is known as the highest loss that can be suffered by the buyer of any call option. Suppose the current market cost of the underlying asset is above the strike price when the expiration is reached. In that case, the profit is the overall difference in the costs without the premium. The overall sum is multiplied by the number of stocks controlled by the buyer of the call option. For instance, if a company is trading at twelve dollars at expiry, the option contract's strike price is ten dollars. The price of the options costs the investor one dollar per share. The profit is one dollar, i.e., $12 – ($10 + $1) = $1.


If the investor bought three options contracts, the profit would equal $300. Suppose the company is trading below ten dollars at the expiration of the call option. In that case, the investor will not exercise the option to buy back the shares at ten dollars, so the option will expire worthlessly. The investor will lose one dollar per share, or $100, for each contract purchased. But that is all the loss one suffers if one opts to buy the call option. That is the great thing about buying call options. The investor only loses the premium.


Types of Call Options


There are a couple of types of call options that an investor in the financial markets can avail. A long call option is the usual call option. The investor has the right but not the obligation to purchase a share at a certain strike price at a predetermined date in the future. The great benefit of a long call option is that it permits the investor to plan ahead to buy a share at a cheaper cost. For instance, the investor might buy a long call option expecting a newsworthy event. This can be the earnings call of an organization. The profits on such a long call option may well be unlimited. But the losses are restricted to the premiums. So, even if the firm does not get a positive earnings report, or one that does not align with the expectations of the market, and the costs of the stocks decrease, the maximum losses that the investor will have to bear for buying the call option will be restricted to the premiums that are paid for the options.


A short call option is the opposite of a usual long call option. In any short-call option, the seller of the option pledges to sell the stocks at a fixed strike price at a predetermined date. The short call options are usually utilized for the covered calls by the seller of options or the call options in which the investors already have the underlying shares. The call assists in restricting the losses that the investor might suffer if the overall trade does not go the way they had intended. For instance, the losses would increase if the call is left uncovered. This means they did not own the underlying share for their options, and the stock increased greatly in cost.


Using options for income


Many trades utilize the call options to get consistent income through a strategy that is called the covered call. This particular strategy involves having an underlying share while at the same time selling a call option or giving another investor the right to purchase the share. The investor gets the options premium and predicts that the option will expire worthless, which means it will remain below the strike price. The covered call strategy gives more income to the trader. Still, it can also restrict the potential of profit if the cost of the stock increases drastically. The covered call strategy works because if the share price increases above the strike price, the buyer of the option will exercise the right to get the share at the lower strike price. This typically means that the seller of the option does not get any profit from the movement of the stock when it is above the cost of the strike. The maximum profit of the option seller is the premium obtained.




Call options provide a technique to offer shares at a set rate, even if the market price drastically reduces. It can give substantial relief to investors. It provides an excellent opportunity for profit generation.