When you invest in the stock market, you’re taking a long-term view. You won’t make money overnight, and that’s why it’s important to have a strategy when it comes to rebalancing your portfolio. Rebalancing is an investment technique that helps you maintain a pre-determined equity allocation in your portfolio. It is done so that no single asset class becomes too large or small relative to the others. Without this control, one group of stocks can become so large that it poses a larger risk to your portfolio if something goes wrong with those stocks. Suppose one stock drops significantly while another rises. In that case, you might see a significant spike in the risk of loss for your entire portfolio because of these changes. Here are some tips on how you can do portfolio rebalancing for the long term:
Simply put, portfolio rebalancing aims to keep your investment mix on track. For example, if your mix is 60% stocks and 40% bonds, then you want to maintain that same ratio over time. If stocks do better than bonds, your portfolio will shift toward more stocks over time. If stocks underperform bonds, your portfolio will shift in the opposite direction. The idea is that you don’t want any one investment to become too large because the entire portfolio will be at risk if something goes wrong with that one asset. Over the long term, rebalancing can help you earn a higher return than if you didn’t rebalance at all.
Portfolio rebalancing is a strategy that investors use to manage risk, prevent unbalanced portfolios, and keep their portfolios on track with their goals. For example, if the value of one type of asset in your portfolio falls or rises significantly compared to another asset class—such as if you have a lot of exposure to stocks or real estate—you’ll need to take corrective action. Rebalancing is one way to manage the risk in your portfolio. With this strategy, you buy underperforming assets when they’re cheap and sell overperforming assets when they’re expensive. The result? Your portfolio once again reflects your target allocation among different asset classes.
In the stock market, diversification is key. You want to make sure that you’re not putting too many eggs in one basket. That’s why you diversify by investing in different sectors, industries, and stocks. Rebalancing is one way to make sure that you’re not putting too much of your money in a particular asset class. That way, if you’ve put too much of your investment in one sector or industry, you can bring it back to where it should be. Rebalancing also helps you stay disciplined when markets are rising, which can make it easy to get greedy and make risky investments that could backfire when the market turns.
Your investment mix will change over time, especially as your investments mature. A portfolio that is 60% stocks and 40% bonds today may be 75% stocks and 25% bonds in 10 years, or vice versa. This is why it’s important to rebalance your portfolio on a regular basis. Portfolio rebalancing allows you to maintain your desired investment mix. If stocks are doing better than bonds, for example, then a mix of 60% stocks and 40% bonds would put you at risk of losing more money than expected. Regular rebalancing can shift some of that money from stocks to bonds and lower your overall risk.
There are several ways to rebalance your portfolio. One option is to sell off assets that have grown too large in your portfolio and then buy back the assets that have become smaller. You can also shift the funds from one asset class to another. If stocks are too large in your portfolio, you can sell some of your stocks and shift the money to bonds. Another way to rebalance is to use a cash reserve to buy more of the asset that has become too small in your portfolio. You can also use an exchange-traded fund (ETF) to rebalance your portfolio. These tools are useful if you have an extremely large portfolio and have trouble selling off assets without significantly affecting the price.
- Stick to your asset allocation: Your asset allocation is the breakdown of which types of investments you hold, such as stocks and bonds. If you want to rebalance, you’ll need to stick to your asset allocation in order to avoid taking more risk than necessary.
- Don’t change your asset allocation to try to time the market: While rebalancing is a good idea, don’t change your asset allocation to time the market. Trying to time the market by shifting more money to bonds as stocks are falling, for example, is a risky strategy that doesn’t work in the long term. It’s best to stick to your asset allocation and rebalance your portfolio on a regular basis.
- Use your asset allocation as a guide. This is the most important part of the process. Before you start selling off assets, ensure you know exactly what percentage each asset class should comprise of your portfolio.
- Try to time your rebalancing based on your asset allocation. Rebalancing works great if you have a target asset mix that you want to stick to.
- Use market trends to your advantage. Let’s say you have 80% stocks and 20% bonds in your portfolio. Suppose the stocks in your portfolio fall significantly. In that case, your portfolio will be weighted more heavily toward stocks, which could be detrimental if stocks don’t start to rise soon.
- You can rebalance your portfolio by selling some of your stocks. You can replace that money with bonds to return the stocks/bonds ratio to your target.
While rebalancing can be useful, it may not work well in every market. The ideal situation is an ever-rising market, but we all know that’s not how the real world works. If you rebalance every time stocks fall, you may miss out on the opportunity to buy low (which is a great idea when investing). Likewise, suppose you’re selling high-performing assets to bring them back to your target allocation. In that case, you might be selling at the wrong time.
Portfolio rebalancing is an important part of investing, especially when taking a long-term view. If one asset class becomes too large in your portfolio, it can put your entire portfolio at risk. Regularly rebalancing your portfolio can help you lower your overall risk and stay on track with your investment goals. Portfolio rebalancing is an important concept to understand if you want to ensure that you invest properly over time. While this strategy may seem easy on paper, it can be tricky to execute correctly. Although many people have different opinions about when to rebalance, it’s important to note that most financial experts agree that you should rebalance your portfolio every one to three years. When done correctly, rebalancing can help you avoid being too conservative or too impulsive when investing. It can also help you stay on track with your long-term investment strategy.