Crypto Staking: An In-Depth Guide To Earning Passive Income

Edited By yashovardhan sharma on Jan 18,2024
Silver Ethereum coin on dark background and handwritten phrase

Generating profit in the cryptocurrency realm can be achieved by capitalizing on market price increases when selling your investment. Alternatively, one can explore other avenues for financial gains, such as staking. Through staking, you can leverage your digital assets to generate passive income without the need to liquidate them. Staking bears some resemblance to depositing funds in a high-yield savings account, where banks utilize your deposits for lending, and you earn interest on your account balance. While the concept of staking shares similarities with the traditional banking model, there are distinct differences that need consideration. Here's an overview of what you should understand about crypto staking.


What Is Staking?

Staking involves locking up crypto assets such as Litecoin or Ethereum for a predetermined period to support the operation of a blockchain. In return for staking your cryptocurrency, you receive additional digital assets. Many blockchains implement a proof-of-stake consensus mechanism, requiring network participants to stake specific amounts of cryptocurrency to validate transactions and add new blocks. Staking serves the crucial role of ensuring that only valid data and transactions are added to a blockchain. Participants staking their crypto act as a form of insurance, offering security against the improper validation of flawed or fraudulent data. Rewards are granted for correctly validating legitimate transactions, while penalties, in the form of losing a portion or all of the stake, are imposed for improper validation. Well-known cryptocurrencies like Solana (SOL) and Ethereum (ETH) incorporate staking into their consensus mechanisms.


Proof of Stake Validation

Proof of stake cryptocurrencies use staking to cultivate a functional ecosystem. The size of the stake directly influences the chances of validators adding new blocks and receiving rewards. Validators stake their assets as a commitment, facing potential penalties if they act maliciously, such as attempting to create a fraudulent block of transactions. As validators accumulate larger stake delegations, it serves as proof to the network of the reliability of their consensus votes. The weight of their votes is proportionate to the amount of stake attracted. Stakeholders can collaborate in staking pools, where pool operators handle the validation process, allowing for participation with a lesser individual stake. Different blockchains have specific rules for validators, like Ethereum requiring a minimum of 32 ETH. Staking pools offer collaboration opportunities with smaller individual stakes, though these pools are often facilitated by third-party solutions.


How Staking Operates

If you possess a cryptocurrency that operates on a proof-of-stake blockchain, you have the opportunity to engage in staking by locking up your tokens. Staking involves securing your assets to actively contribute to the security of the network's blockchain. In return for this commitment and involvement in network validation, validators are rewarded with staking rewards in the form of the respective cryptocurrency. Major cryptocurrency exchanges, such as Binance.US, Coinbase, and Kraken, provide avenues for staking rewards. Less experienced users can opt for a more convenient approach by staking their cryptocurrencies directly on the exchange, albeit with the exchange taking a portion of the staking yields. Alternatively, you can establish a cryptocurrency wallet that supports staking. Each blockchain network typically has official wallet apps supporting staking, such as Avalanche's Avalanche wallet and Cardano's Daedalus and Yoroi wallets. With tokens in one of these wallets, you can delegate a portion of your portfolio for staking, selecting from various staking pools and validators to enhance your chances of generating blocks and earning rewards.


Earning Through Crypto Staking

When selecting a staking program, it provides information on the offered staking rewards. Kraken offers an annual percentage yield (APY) of 4% to 6% for Cardano (ADA) staking and 4% to 7% for Ethereum 2.0 staking. Notably, due to the ongoing Ethereum 2.0 network upgrade, there are specific considerations for staking Ethereum on Kraken. Upon committing to staking crypto, you receive the stipulated return according to the agreed-upon schedule. The program disburses the return in the staked cryptocurrency, which you can choose to retain as an investment, stake again, or trade for cash and other cryptocurrencies. Some staking programs may impose restrictions, such as a mandatory three-month commitment before the release of staked tokens.


Advantages of Crypto Staking

Generate Passive Income: Staking crypto allows you to earn passive income if you choose not to sell your tokens immediately. This income is an additional benefit that wouldn't be realized without engaging in staking.


Simple Entry: Starting with staking is straightforward. Whether using an exchange or a crypto wallet, the process is as simple as setting up a wallet, funding it with cryptocurrencies, and clicking the 'staking' option on validators or staking pools within the wallet app, according to Trakulhoon.


Support Preferred Projects: Staking provides an additional advantage of contributing to the security and efficiency of blockchain projects you support. By staking funds, you enhance the resilience of the blockchain against attacks and bolster its transaction processing capabilities, as noted by Tanim Rasul, COO and co-founder of National Digital Asset Exchange.


Risks Associated with Crypto Staking

Token Lockup Period: Staking often requires committing tokens for extended periods, ranging from weeks to months depending on the program. This commitment restricts the ability to cash out or trade tokens during this timeframe.


Market Volatility Concerns: Cryptocurrencies are known for their high volatility, with significant price fluctuations during market crashes. Staking programs with lock-in features may prevent selling during downturns, potentially resulting in losses even if the staking platform offers attractive annual returns. So, it is important to do crypto analysis.


Liquidation Challenges: Some blockchains, like Ethereum, address token lockup concerns through decentralized finance (DeFi) applications offering "liquid staking" products. However, selling these tokenized assets on a secondary market relies on finding willing buyers or lenders, without a guaranteed early exit.


Slashing Risks: Proof of stake networks often employs "slashing" mechanisms to penalize validators for improper actions, destroying a portion of their staked assets. Staking with dishonest validators can lead to a loss of investment due to slashing, emphasizing the importance of choosing reputable validators, according to Trakulhoon.



Opting for staking can be a viable choice for investors seeking yields on their long-term holdings, provided they are unfazed by short-term price fluctuations. However, if there is a possibility of needing funds in the short term before the staking period concludes, it is advisable to refrain from committing them to staking. We suggest a thorough examination of the staking period's duration and the anticipated timeline for retrieving funds upon withdrawal.


We emphasizes the importance of collaborating exclusively with companies boasting positive reputations and robust security standards.  Exercise caution when encountering seemingly unrealistically high interest rates, as experts advise approaching such situations with skepticism. Furthermore, it is crucial to acknowledge that, akin to any cryptocurrency investment, staking carries a substantial risk of losses. Therefore, only stake funds that you can afford to lose, ensuring a prudent and informed approach to crypto staking.

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