Cryptocurrency 101: How to Get Started with Digital Currency

By Hetal Bansal

Various Cryptocurrency Coins

Cryptocurrency is a type of digital or virtual currency that uses cryptography to secure and verify transactions and to control the creation of new units. It operates independently of central banks and is decentralized, meaning that it is not controlled by any government or financial institution. The most well-known cryptocurrency is Bitcoin, but there are now thousands of different cryptocurrencies, each with its own unique features and uses. Cryptocurrencies are stored in digital wallets and can be bought, sold, and traded on various online platforms.

The use of cryptocurrency is gaining popularity due to its fast and low-cost transactions, as well as its potential as an investment vehicle. However, it is important to note that cryptocurrency is still a relatively new and volatile asset class, and investors should do their own research and exercise caution before investing.


History of Cryptocurrency


The concept of digital currencies can be traced back to the 1980s, but it wasn't until the late 2000s that the first cryptocurrency, Bitcoin, was introduced. Bitcoin was created in 2009 by an anonymous person or group using the pseudonym "Satoshi Nakamoto." The idea behind Bitcoin was to create a decentralized digital currency that could be used as an alternative to traditional currencies. Bitcoin transactions are recorded on a public ledger called the blockchain, which is maintained by a network of computers around the world. This makes it difficult to manipulate or counterfeit transactions, providing a high level of security and transparency.

In 2011, other cryptocurrencies such as Litecoin, Namecoin, and Ripple began to emerge. These currencies differed from Bitcoin in terms of their algorithms, transaction speed, and overall design. While Bitcoin remained the dominant cryptocurrency, others began to gain traction and a growing community of users and enthusiasts. In 2013, the first Bitcoin ATM was installed in Vancouver, Canada, marking a significant milestone for the cryptocurrency industry. This was followed by an explosion of new cryptocurrencies and blockchain-based projects, with a range of applications beyond just digital currencies.

However, the history of cryptocurrency has also been marked by controversy and volatility. Cryptocurrencies have been associated with criminal activity due to their anonymity and decentralized nature. They have also experienced major price fluctuations, with some investors experiencing significant losses.

Despite these challenges, cryptocurrencies have continued to evolve and gain broader acceptance. Major companies such as Microsoft, Tesla, and PayPal now accept Bitcoin as payment, and many financial institutions are exploring the potential of blockchain technology. Today, cryptocurrency continues to be a rapidly evolving field with the potential to transform various industries and our overall financial system.


Types of Cryptocurrencies


Cryptocurrency chart exchange to dollar rate on monitor



Bitcoin is the original and most well-known cryptocurrency, created in 2009 by an anonymous individual or group using the pseudonym "Satoshi Nakamoto." It operates on a decentralized peer-to-peer network, allowing users to send and receive payments without the need for intermediaries such as banks. Bitcoin's market cap is currently the largest among cryptocurrencies.


Launched in 2015, Ethereum is a blockchain-based platform that enables the creation of decentralized applications and smart contracts. Its cryptocurrency, Ether (ETH), is used to pay for transaction fees and computational services on the Ethereum network.


Ripple is a blockchain-based payment protocol that facilitates fast and low-cost international money transfers. Its cryptocurrency, XRP, is used to facilitate these transactions and is currently the fourth-largest cryptocurrency by market cap.


Created in 2011, Litecoin is a peer-to-peer cryptocurrency that was designed to be a faster and more efficient alternative to Bitcoin. It has a faster block generation time and a larger maximum supply than Bitcoin, making it easier to mine.

Bitcoin Cash

Bitcoin Cash is a cryptocurrency that was created in 2017 as a fork of Bitcoin. It was designed to address some of the scalability issues of Bitcoin, such as slow transaction times and high fees. Bitcoin Cash has a larger block size limit than Bitcoin, allowing for more transactions to be processed at once.


Launched in 2017, Cardano is a blockchain-based platform that is designed to be a more secure and sustainable alternative to other cryptocurrencies. Its cryptocurrency, ADA, is used to pay for transactions on the Cardano network and for staking, which helps to secure the network.


Dogecoin is a cryptocurrency that was created in 2013 as a joke. It is based on the popular "Doge" internet meme and has gained a cult following among some cryptocurrency enthusiasts. Despite its origins, Dogecoin has become a legitimate cryptocurrency with a significant market cap.


Polkadot is a blockchain-based platform that allows different blockchains to communicate and interact with each other. Its cryptocurrency, DOT, is used to pay for transaction fees and to participate in network governance.


How to buy and sell Cryptocurrency


Smartphone with cryptocurrency wallet. A man analyzes the price chart for bitcoin


Choose a cryptocurrency exchange

There are many cryptocurrency exchanges to choose from, including Coinbase, Binance, Kraken, and Gemini. Each exchange has its own fees, features, and supported cryptocurrencies, so it's important to do your research before choosing an exchange.

Set up an account

Once you've chosen an exchange, you'll need to set up an account. This typically involves providing some personal information, such as your name, email address, and a government-issued ID.

Add funds

Before you can buy cryptocurrency, you'll need to add funds to your exchange account. Most exchanges support bank transfers, debit/credit cards, and sometimes even PayPal or other payment methods.

Buy Cryptocurrency

Once you've added funds to your account, you can buy cryptocurrency. Choose the cryptocurrency you want to buy, enter the amount you want to spend, and submit your order. The cryptocurrency will be credited to your exchange account once your payment is processed.

Store your cryptocurrency

After buying cryptocurrency, it's important to store it securely. You can either leave it on the exchange or transfer it to a personal cryptocurrency wallet for extra security.

Sell cryptocurrency

If you want to sell your cryptocurrency, simply choose the cryptocurrency you want to sell, enter the amount you want to sell, and submit your order. The funds will be credited to your exchange account once your sale is processed.

It's important to note that buying and selling cryptocurrency can be risky, and the value of cryptocurrencies can be highly volatile. It's recommended to only invest what you can afford to lose and to do your own research before making any investment decisions.

Some additional tips for buying and selling cryptocurrency include:

  • Use two-factor authentication (2FA) to secure your exchange account.
  • Keep your cryptocurrency wallet keys and passwords in a safe place.
  • Monitor the cryptocurrency market and news for any significant changes or events.
  • Consider using dollar-cost averaging (DCA) to buy cryptocurrency regularly over time instead of investing a lump sum all at once.
  • Be aware of taxes and regulations related to cryptocurrency in your jurisdiction.

By following these tips and taking the time to understand the process, buying and selling cryptocurrency can be a rewarding and exciting experience.




In conclusion, cryptocurrency is a fascinating and rapidly evolving technology that has the potential to revolutionize the way we conduct financial transactions. While it is still a relatively new and complex asset class, it offers several advantages, such as fast and low-cost transactions, decentralization, and potential investment opportunities.

As a beginner, it is essential to understand the basics of how cryptocurrency works, how to buy and store it safely, and the risks involved in investing in it. It is also important to keep up with the latest news and developments in the cryptocurrency world to make informed decisions. Overall, cryptocurrency has the potential to transform our financial system, and it is an exciting time to be a part of this evolving technology.